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References

Affirmative Action | Affirmative Action Timeline | Cantrell v Granholm | Smith v. University of Washington | Grutter v. Bollinger | Fisher v. Texas | References | Image References

Affirmative Action Timeline

Sykes, Marquita. (1995). Origins of Affirmative Action. Retrieved on January 31, 2009 from,  

http://www.now.org/nnt/08-95/affirmhs.html



Cantrell v. Granholm References:

Cantrell v. Granholm, No. 06-15637 (D.220. Jan. 7, 2008) (LEXIS-NEXIS ACADEMIC library, Dist file).

 

Gerber, S. (2006, Nov. 16). Michigan’s Controversial Proposition 2, Eliminating Affirmative Action Programs in the State: A Good Example of Popular Constitutionalism? Retrieved January 29, 2009, from http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20061116_gerber.html

 

NAACP Legal Defense Fund. (2008, Feb. 6). Statement from LDF Director-Counsel and President Ted Shaw regarding Cantrell v. Granholm. Retrieved January 29, 2009 from http://www.naacpldf.org/content.aspx?article =1243

 

Pacific Legal (n.d.). PLF Defends Michigan Civil Rights Initiative Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action v. Granholm; Cantrell v. Granholm. Retreived January 29, 2009, from http://community/pacificlegal.org/Page.aspx?pid=494

 

Paul, A. (2008, Feb. 12). Exporting Civil Rights: Despite lawsuits in Michigan, other states look to pass affirmative action bans this November. Retrieved January 29, 2009, from http://www.michiganreview.com/home/index.cfm?event

 

Stevens, L. (2008, Feb. 7). Lawyers debate ban’s constitutionality: Plaintiffs want full trial to reexamine the legality of Prop. 2. Retrieved January 29, 2009, from http://www.michigandaily.com/print/25960


Smith et al v. University of Washington Law School et al (2004)

Regeants of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265 (1978).

Smith et al. v. University of Washington Law School et. al., 392 F.3d 367 (Wash. Ct. App 2004).


Grutter v. Bollinger, 123 S Ct. 2325 (2003).

Kahlenberg, R. D. (March 19, 2004). Toward affirmative action for economic diversity.”

The chronicle of higher education. Retrieved on February 1, 2009 from:

http://chronicle.com/weekly/v50/i28/28b01101.htm

 

Levey, C. A. (2003). Symposium on confronting realities: the legal, moral, and

constitutional issues involving diversity: panel III: affirmative action: racial

preferences in admissions: myths, harms, and alternatives. 66 Alb. L. Rev. 489.

 

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265 (1978).

 

Taylor, R. A. (June 21, 2001). “Supreme court declines to review affirmative action case

– University of Washington law school’s admissions policy.” Black issues in

higher education. Retrieved on February 1, 2009 from:

http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0DXK/is_9_18/ai_76511548

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