Passing of Second Morrill Act
intensive lobbying by land-grand presidents the second Morrill Act was passed
in 1890 (Geiger, 2005). The
vocational-training trend in higher education for blacks was further stimulated
by the second Morrill Act, which specifically prohibited payments of federal
funds to states, which discriminated against blacks in admissions to their
tax-supported colleges and was passed on August 30, 1890. With the passing of the
Act the federal government made a stance on education being provided to everyone,
even if it was in “separate, but equal” institutions (Brubacher & Rudy,
Plessy v. Ferguson
Ferguson was decided on May 18, 1896 and established separate-but-equal public
facilities that eventually impacted how higher education taught
African-Americans and how institutions for African-Americans were created
(Brown & Harlan, 1896).
The first football game
played between HBCUs was played between Johnson C. Smith University and
Livingston College (The HBCU Network, 2008).
Alpha Fraternity, the first intercollegiate Black Greek-letter fraternity is
founded at Cornell University
Alpha Phi Alpha, the first
intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established for African-Americans, was
founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York by seven college men who
recognized the need for a strong bond of Brotherhood among African descendants
in this country on December 4, 1906.
The Fraternity initially served as a study and support group for
minority students who faced racial prejudice,
educationally and socially at Cornell (Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 2007).
Kappa Alpha Sorority is founded at Howard University, thus becoming the first
AA-oriented Greek letter organization at an HBCU.
Kappa Alpha Sorority was founded on the campus of Howard University in
Washington, DC. It is the oldest
Greek-letter organization established by African American college-trained
women. According to the Sorority’s
website, the small group of women who founded the Sorority were conscious of a
privileged position as college-trained women of color. They wanted their college experience
be meaningful and productive (Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., 2008).
North Carolina College for Negros (North Carolina Central University)
Carolina College for Negros (North Carolina Central University) is established.
National Religious Training School and Chautauqua was chartered in 1909 as a
private institution and opened to students on July 10, 1910 (North Carolina
Central University, 2008).
to Xavier University’s website, there are 102 historically black colleges and
253 Catholic colleges, but they are the only black Catholic college. The small liberal
arts college dates
back to 1915 by St. Katharine Drexel and the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament
(Xavier University of Louisiana, 2008)