NCCU becomes the first state-supported liberal arts college for black people.
the General Assembly of North Carolina appropriated funds for the purchase and
maintenance of the school; thus in that year it became a publicly supported
institution and was renamed Durham State Normal School. Two years later,
the General Assembly converted the institution into the North Carolina College
for Negroes, dedicating it to the offering of liberal arts education and the
preparation of teachers and principals of secondary schools. North
Carolina College for Negroes became the nation’s first state-supported liberal
arts college for African-American students (North Carolina Central University,
Atlanta University System is founded, which units Atlanta University, Morehouse
College and Spelman College.
1928 Atlanta University named a committee to confer with Spelman and Morehouse
trustees on cooperative measures that could result in savings of expenditures
for all three institutions. Their formal discussion of affiliation began
in February 1929. Within a short period of time the “Contract of
Affiliation” was developed and signed by President Adams of Atlanta University,
President Hope of Morehouse, and President Read of Spelman on April 1, 1929
(Atlanta University Center Consortium, 2008). It is restructured as the
Atlanta University Center Consortium in 2004 (Spelman College, 2004).
University becomes the first HBCU to be fully accredited by the Southern
Association of Colleges and Schools
Fisk University became the first African-American institution to gain
accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (Fisk
Divine Nine and the National Pan-Hellenic Council Founded
On May 10, 1930, on the campus of Howard University, in
Washington DC, the National Pan-Hellenic Council was formed as a permanent
organization with the following charter members: Omega Psi Phi and Kappa Alpha
Psi Fraternities, and Alpha Kappa Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta and Zeta Phi Beta
Sororities. In 1931, Alpha Phi Alpha and Phi Beta Sigma Fraternities joined the
Council. Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority joined in 1937 and Iota Phi Theta Fraternity
completed the list of member organizations in 1997.
The stated purpose and mission of the organization in 1930
was “Unanimity of thought and action as far as possible in the conduct of Greek
letter collegiate fraternities and sororities, and to consider problems of
mutual interest to its member organizations.” Early in 1937, the organization
was incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois and became known as “The
National Pan-Hellenic Council, Incorporated.”
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Founded 1906, Cornell University
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Founded 1908, Howard University
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Founded 1911, Indiana University
Omega Psi Phi
1911, Howard University
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Founded 1913, Howard University
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Founded 1914, Howard University
Zeta Phi Beta
1920, Howard University
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Founded 1922, Butler University
Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Founded 1963, Morgan State University
ex rel. Gaines v. Canada
ruling of Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada the court decided that Missouri was
denying equal educational opportunity to a black by giving him a scholarship to
attend a law school in another state (Brubacher & Rudy, 2007). Many
southern states began to establish separate professional schools for
African-American as part of the state system (Brubacher & Rudy,
2007). However, the decision of Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada also
made it so that if there was only one school in a state that students of all
races were eligible for admission. This helped begin breaking down the
barriers of segregation in higher education (Hughes & McReynolds, 1938).
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka
decision of Brown v. Board of Education helped rid the legal basis for racial
segregation in higher education and initiated reform throughout the United
States (Brown Foundation, 2008).
Higher Education Act
Education Act allows the federal government to provide funding aid for HBCUS
Higher Education Act of 1965 was the first federal measure to provide a broad
permanent program of financial aid to both public and private colleges, as well
as individual college students (Brubacher & Rudy, 2007). This act
opened the doors for the funding of higher education and increased
accessibility of higher education to African-Americans.
The effect of “Affirmative Action” found its way into higher
education. The program was designed to ensure that colleges and
universities gave equal opportunity and treatment to women and members of
minority groups (Brubacher & Rudy, 2007). This allowed for fair
treatment of African-Americans during the admissions process.
Spelman College is ranked as the leading liberal arts college in the
south. This is the first time an HBCU places first in a National survey
of colleges (The HBCU Network, 2008).
FAMU is selected by Time Magazine as
their first ever “College of the Year”(The HBCU Network, 2008).